Reduction of Baltic Sea Nutrient Inputs and Allocation of Abatement Costs Within the Baltic Sea Catchment


Wulff, F., Humborg, C., Andersen, H.E., Blicher-Mathiesen, G., Czajkowski, M., Elofsson, K., Fonnesbech-Wulff, A., Hasler, B., Hong, B., Jansons, V., Mörth, C-M., Smart, J.C.R., Smedberg, E., Stålnacke, P., Swaney, D.P., Thodsen, H., Was, A.,  Zylicz, T.


AMBIO 2014, 43:11–25


The Baltic Sea Action Plan (BSAP) requires tools to simulate effects and costs of various nutrient abatement strategies.

Hierarchically connected databases and models of the entire catchment have been created to allow decision makers to view scenarios via the decision support system NEST.

High nutrient retention and increased agricultural intensity

Increased intensity in agriculture in transient countries would result in increased nutrient loads to the Baltic Sea, particularly from Poland, the Baltic States, and Russia.

Nutrient retentions are high, which means that the nutrient reduction goals of 135 000 tons N and 15 000 tons P, as formulated in the BSAP from 2007, correspond to a reduction in nutrient loadings to watersheds by 675 000 tons N and 158 000 tons P.

Cost-minimization model used to calculate costs of meeting the BSAP targets

A cost-minimization model was used to allocate nutrient reductions to measures and countries where the costs for reducing loads are low. The minimum annual cost to meet BSAP basin targets is estimated to 4.7 billion €.

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Available online January 13 and in print February 2014

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Updated: 2015-03-25
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