The Baltic Nest Institute is prioritizing making the Nest model as transparent as possible. For this reason, we strive to make underlying model assumption publicly available in the format of international peer-reviewed scientific publications. Please find below a link to full references to the scientific publications from Baltic Nest Institute. Contact the corresponding author for a reprint of any article listed below.

Hydro-economic modelling of cost-effective transboundary water quality management in the Baltic Sea
Author(s): B. Hasler, H.E. Andersen, H. Thodsen, E. Smedberg, C.Göke, C. Humborg, F. Wulff
Source: Water Resources and Economics Volume 5, May 2014, Pages 1–23
Year: 2014

Control of the mid-summer net community production and nitrogen fixation in the central Baltic Sea: An approach based on pCO2 measurements on a cargo ship
Author(s): Erik Gustafsson
Source: Journal of Marine Systems,
Year: 2014

Deoxygenation of the Baltic Sea during the last century
Author(s): Jacob Carstensen, Bo Gustafsson
Source: PNAS 2014 ; published ahead of print March 31, 2014, doi:10.1073/pnas.1323156111
Year: 2014

An economic–ecological model to evaluate impacts of nutrient abatement in the Baltic Sea
Author(s): Petri Ekholm
Source: Environmental Modelling & Software, Volume 55, May 2014, pp 164 - 175
Year: 2014

How to determine the likely indirect food-web consequences of a newly introduced non-native species: A worked example
Author(s): Maciej T. Tomzcak
Source: Ecological Modelling 272 (2014) 379– 387
Year: 2014

Biogeochemical Control of the Coupled CO2–O2 System of the Baltic Sea: A Review of the Results of Baltic-C
Author(s): Humborg, C.
Source: AMBIO, 2014, 43:49-59
Year: 2014

Hypoxia in the Baltic Sea: Biogeochemical Cycles, Benthic Fauna, and Management
Author(s): Carstensen, J., Gustafsson, BG., Norkko, A., Reed, DR., Timmermann, K.
Source: AMBIO, 2014, 43:26-36
Year: 2014

Ensemble Modeling of the Baltic Sea Ecosystem to Provide Scenarios for Management
Author(s): Gustafsson, BG, Savchuk, OP
Source: AMBIO 2014, 43:37-48
Year: 2014

Reduction of Baltic Sea Nutrient Inputs and Allocation of Abatement Costs Within the Baltic Sea Catchment
Author(s): Wulff, F., Humborg, C., Andersen, HE., Hasler, B., Hong, B., Mörth, C-M. Smedberg, E., Swaney, DP., Thodsen, H.
Source: AMBIO 2014, 43:11-25
Year: 2014

Carbon cycling in the Baltic Sea - the fate of allochthonous organic carbon and its impact on air-sea CO2 exchange
Author(s): Erik Gustafsson, Barbara Deutsch, Christoph Humborg, Bo G. Gustafsson, Magnus Mörth
Source: Journal of Marine Systems,Volume 129, January 2014, Pages 289–302
Year: 2014

More about
Baltic Nest Institute Sweden
Baltic Sea Centre, Stockholm University
SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden, +46-8-16 37 18
Baltic Nest Institute Denmark
Aarhus University, Fredriksborgsvej 399
DK-4000 Roskilde, Denmark, +45 4630 1200
Baltic Nest Institute Finland
Finnish Environment Institute, P.O. Box 140
FI-00251 Helsinki, Finland, + 358 20 610 123